Category Archives: Complex formation and substitution reactions involving transition metals

Complex formation and substitution reactions involving transition metals

Definitions A ligand is a molecule or ion that forms a co-ordinate bond (dative covalent) with a transition metal by donating a pair of electrons to the central transition metal ion. The lone pair on the ligand is donated into the partially filled d sub-level of the transition metal. All ligands are lone pair donors. In other words, all ligands function as

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